The Tribes of Washington

Yakama Upper Skagit Tulalip Swinomish Suquamish Stillaguamish Squaxin Island Spokane Snoqualmie Skokomish Shoalwater Bay Sauk-Suiattle Samish Quinault Quileute Puyallup Port Gamble S’Klallam Nooksack Nisqually Muckleshoot Makah Lummi Kalispel Jamestown S’Klallam Hoh Lower Elwha Klallam Chehalis Cowlitz Colville
Sign for Colville reservation

Colville Confederated Tribes

The Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation is comprised of 12 aboriginal tribes that lived in North Central Washington. The tribe has more than 9,500 enrolled members. The tribe’s economic enterprise is the Colville Tribal Federal Corporation, which employs more than 1,400 people and generates more than $120 million a year in revenue making it an economic leader in Central Washington. Its diverse enterprises include gaming, hotel, recreation and tourism, retail, construction and wood products.


Confederated Tribes Of The Chehalis Reservation

The Confederated Tribes of the Chehalis Reservation has more than 800 members and a reservation located in southwest Washington. The Chehalis Tribe is one of the region’s largest employers operating a water slide park and hotel, brewery, casino/hotel resort, convenience stores, an RV park, a construction company, and the Chehalis Tribal Loan Fund.


Confederated Tribes Of The Yakama Nation

The Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakama Nation have a reservation with over one million acres located in Central Washington. The tribes’ many enterprises provide services to and employ hundreds of Yakama citizens in gaming, tourism, forestry management, telecommunications, agriculture and utilities.


Cowlitz Tribe

The Cowlitz Indian Tribe has about 4,800 members. The tribe has been a federally recognized tribe since 2000 and received their first reservation in March 2015. The legacy of an ancient people in Southwest Washington is rich with descendants who manage a growing portfolio of health, education, housing, elder care, transportation, scientific research and conservation with more than 300 government employees. One of the region’s largest employers, Cowlitz employs over 1,500 people at the nearly 400,000 square-foot ilani and Cowlitz Tribal Police are the main source of law enforcement for the city of La Center.


Hoh Tribe

The Hoh Tribe has 443 acres of reservation land on the Pacific coast at the mouth of the Hoh River. The Hoh Tribe’s livelihood depends primarily on fishing, and the tribe manages resources for the environmental, cultural and economic benefit of the tribe and neighbors in the Hoh River watershed.

Jamestown S'Klallam

Jamestown S'Klallam Indian Tribe

The Jamestown S’Klallam Tribe is located on 20 acres along Sequim Bay. Jamestown also has land held in trust outside the reservation and owns land in fee. The tribal government operates diverse business enterprises including a casino, convenience store, golf course, self-storage, art gallery, construction services and telecommunications services.


Kalispel Tribe

The Kalispel Tribe of Indians has 4,557 acres along the Pend Oreille River north of Spokane and approximately 40 acres of trust land in Airway Heights on which its casino/hotel resort is located. The 470-member tribe is a self-sufficient entity with its own business enterprises, education and health care programs, and strong alliances in the broader community.


Lower Elwha Klallam Tribe

The Lower Elwha Klallam Tribe is located on roughly 1,000 acres in the northern Olympic Peninsula. The tribe’s enterprises include a casino and its programs. Government services encompass public safety, health care, education and natural resources.


Lummi Nation

The Lummi Nation is the third largest tribe in Washington with more than 5,000 members and a 13,000-acre reservation. Northwest Indian College is located on the Lummi Reservation. Lummi operates a 206-room hotel with convention and meeting space, a casino and retail outlets.


Makah Nation

The Makah Indian Tribe Reservation is located at Neah Bay at the most northwest point of the continental United States. The Makah people rely heavily on the ocean and the forest so many of its members are skilled woodworkers and mariners, and they invest in education programs to provide opportunities for their youth.


Muckleshoot Tribe

The Muckleshoot Indian Tribe, with more than 3,000 members, has a reservation in southeast King County. The tribe operates major enterprises including Muckleshoot Seafood Products, the White River Amphitheatre, Emerald Downs and Muckleshoot Casino.


Nisqually Tribe

The Nisqually Indian Tribe has more than 650 enrolled members, a majority of whom live on or near the reservation. The tribe, which operates a casino and numerous retail outlets, is one of the largest employers in Thurston County. It also manages programs to restore and enhance habitat, including the Nisqually Delta.


Nooksack Tribe

The Nooksack Indian Tribe, with approximately 2,000 members, has a 444-acre reservation located near Deming. Fishing in the Nooksack River and saltwater areas is an important source of income and food for many families, as well as being a source of cultural pride and identity. The tribal fisheries program regulates fishing and works to enhance fish runs and protect the environment. The tribe works closely with local, state and federal agencies to review proposed developments, timber harvests and other environmental disturbances, and evaluate their impact on water quality, fisheries and cultural sites.

Port Gamble

Port Gamble S'Klallam Tribe

The Port Gamble S’Klallam Tribe has over 1,200 members and a reservation along Port Gamble Bay near Hood Canal. Noo-Kayet Investments is an agency of the Port Gamble S’Klallam Tribe and is responsible for economic development and established economic enterprises, including a casino and hotel and a cannabis dispensary. Noo-Kayet’s mission is to advance the long-term economic interest of the tribal community.


Puyallup Tribe

The Puyallup Tribe of Indians has more than 4,000 members and is considered one of the most urban Indian reservations in the U.S. The tribe’s economic development initiatives include gaming facilities and retail outlets. Puyallup provides a full range of government services and collaborates with local governments on projects, including transportation improvements.


Quileute Tribe

The Quileute Tribe is located in La Push on the shores of the Pacific Ocean. The remote location makes it a top destination for beachgoers and recreational fishers. The tribe actively supports tourism and operates the Ki’tla Center, cabins, motel rooms and RV sites at its Oceanside Resort.


Quinault Nation

The Quinault Indian Nation Reservation has over 208,150 acres located at the southwest corner of the Olympic Peninsula, and has over 2,500 members. Nearly 700 people are employed by the Quinault Indian Nation and its enterprises, making it one of the largest employers in Grays Harbor County.


Samish Nation

The Samish Indian Nation is located near Anacortes. The tribe operates a resort along the bay with cabins and RV spots. One of the newest Washington State ferries is named after the Samish Tribe.

Sauk Suiattle

Sauk-Suiattle Tribe

The Sauk-Suiattle Indian Tribe is located near Darrington and has approximately 200 members on its 34 acre reservation. After being re-recognized in 1973, the tribe has grown steadily, acquired land, developed new infrastructure and continues investing in local business.

Shoalwater Bay

Shoalwater Bay Tribe

The Shoalwater Bay Indian Tribe is a major employer in the Tokeland area, operating a gaming facility, motel, restaurant and retail services. The tribe’s tsunami evacuation tower is the first of its type in North America.


Skokomish Tribe

The Skokomish Indian Tribe is located on a nearly 5,000-acre reservation on Hood Canal at the delta of the Skokomish River. The tribe operates a gaming facility, motel and retail outlets. Skokomish and its partners have developed a wastewater treatment plant to help improve Hood Canal water quality. The tribe is also leading an effort to restore the Skokomish Delta.


Snoqualmie Tribe

The Snoqualmie Indian Tribe has approximately 650 members and is located in the Snoqualmie Valley. In addition to funding tribal government programs, revenue from the tribe’s casino supports organizations with charitable donations totaling more than $4 million since 2010.


Spokane Tribe

The Spokane Tribe of Indians’ reservation is 159,000 acres located in Eastern Washington. The tribe has approximately 2,800 members.


Squaxin Island Tribe

The Squaxin Island Tribe is located at the south end of the Puget Sound. The tribe has approximately 930 members and their reservation includes Squaxin Island and six acres of land at Kamilche. The tribe operates a casino, golf course, hotel, retail services and the Salish Roots Farm.


Stillaguamish Tribe

The Stillaguamish Tribe of Indians has over 230 members in Snohomish County. The tribe invests significant resources in maintaining natural resources, including management of a fish hatchery that restores Chinook and coho salmon runs, and the tribe’s Marine Stewardship and Shellfish Program. Tribal enterprises include a casino, hotel and retail services.

Suquamish Tribe

The Suquamish Tribe is located on the Port Madison Indian Reservation in North Kitsap County. The tribe’s economic development agency, Port Madison Enterprises, is the second-largest private-sector employer in Kitsap County with over 750 employees.


Swinomish Tribe

The Swinomish Indian Tribal Community is one of the five largest employers in Skagit County with over 250 employees in tribal government and approximately 450 employees in its casino/resort and other economic enterprises.


Tulalip Tribes

The Tulalip Tribes of Washington is located on the Tulalip Reservation near Everett. The Tulalip Reservation is 22,000 acres, where over half of its 5,000+ members live. They operate many enterprises such as the Tulalip Resort Casino and Quil Ceda Village.

Upper Skagit

Upper Skagit Tribe

The Upper Skagit Indian Tribe descends from tribes that inhabited 10 villages on the Skagit and Sauk rivers in Western Washington. The Upper Skagit Reservation has 110 acres in Western Skagit County and has about 200 members.